Mobile phones have become important sales channels as more of us use them to access the internet. But many websites still don’t run smoothly on a mobile. Benjamin Dyer, CEO for SellerDeck, reveals how you can prepare your website for “m-commerce”
Thanks to Google Analytics, most ecommerce merchants would be able to tell you everything about their customers: where they lived, the browser and ISP they use and most importantly the paths customers take through their site. However, the one crucial fact they might not be able to tell you would be how many people visit from an Apple iPhone.
Mobile commerce is hot business and the data backs it up. Ofcom reports that 93% of people in the UK own a mobile phone and 61% own a smartphone. Another Office for National Statistics report states that the number of users accessing the internet via a mobile device has more than doubled from 24% in 2010 to 58% in 2014.
Whilst the percentage of UK ecommerce sales conducted via a mobile remains low, that is changing fast and 94% UK retail brands recently surveyed said that they considered m-commerce to be a significant business opportunity.
So, how do you get your site mobile-ready? Well the really good news is that in some ways it probably already is. Apple led the touch phone revolution with large glossy devices with plenty of screen estate. Suddenly it became possible for RIAs (Rich Internet Applications) to be displayed in their full glory. Looking at the road map for all the major devices, they all are planning a similar path — screen estate is in, cramped browsing conditions are out.
So whilst the percentage of m-commerce sales is still relatively low, mobile phone users' expectation that you should be able to do everything from your mobile is going up, so this is an opportunity for retailers, not a problem.
Making your site mobile-ready is no different from any other web project; it’s all about the demographics. Questions you need to be asking include:
These may sound like simple points but they are crucial if your mobile site is to be a success.
Answering the “who” is fairly easy — with almost half of us now regularly using mobile devices to surf the web there is a very good chance your customers are already looking at your site via their phones. A great first step is to analyse this data, look for trends and make that the basis of making the mobile experience better. Thankfully, getting your hands on this important data is fairly easy. Most mobile web browsers now have the ability to run java script, meaning Google Analytics can track mobile usage.
Discovering the “where and how” is a little harder. People use mobile devices in so many different ways and in so many different places; the long-standing mantra has always been to make your site usable under the worst conditions possible. Now this may not sound particularly appealing but your mobile site needs to work on both fast WiFi and the new 4G services as well as with the slower GPRS signal. It’s the same with screen estate and input devices: cater for both large touch screens as well as smaller devices that may require a stylus or keyboard.
This is a problem. Creating stand-alone sites for different browsing conditions could be costly and frustrating. The internet is littered with lots of advice on how to tackle this, but there is little consensus. While it’s technically possible to detect the conditions people are browsing in and redirect them to specific sites, my advice is to go back to the research, pick a battle and win it. Choose the device or screen resolution that’s most popular and make sure your site is optimised for that experience.
Understanding how your customers will use your mobile site is also critical. Are they using their mobiles to purchase goods, check prices or simply looking for store information such as an address?
As an example let’s look at two very different mobile experiences, Amazon and eBay. Amazon knows the vast majority of customers come to its site to browse then purchase, and the decision-making process often isn’t made until the user is on the site. This is reflected in the design and layout where immediate, uncluttered access is given to products and product categories. There is clever use of recommended goods based on previous purchases and clear calls to action. The whole experience is about browsing quickly and efficiently and then making it easy to purchase.
eBay is a little different. Unlike the typical Amazon user, eBay customers generally come to the site already knowing what they are looking for. This is reflected in the site design as its search features are central to the user experience. There is very little product on display until you have at least entered some core information, but the whole process is very sleek.
Both Amazon and eBay have done their research into their user base and the results are impeccable. Interestingly, both are reporting mobile commerce as their biggest growing market.
M-commerce is on the rise and to understand who, what and how, you need to do your research. Think like your customers. Put together an action plan. What are you waiting for?